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1422 - Stone of Robert Hode

Record
Date 1422
Topic The Stone of Robert Hode [Robin Hood's Stone]
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Indication of general area in which Robin Hood's Stone was probably located.

By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2016-07-10. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2017-05-08.

Record

[1422:]
Grant1 by John Jubbe of Wrangbrok and Richard Jubbe of Upton to John Pullene of Wrangbrok of a tenement in Wrangbrok built on as it lies between the cottage of the nuns of Hampole on the west and the land of Peter de la Hay on the east, and extends to the beck of the said vill towards the south, together with twelve acres of arable land lying in (fo. 182d) the fields and territory of Wrangbrok, Slepill, and Skelbrok; whereof one acre lies in Haverlands between the land of John Bargan on the north and the land of the monks of Bretton on the south, and a rood of land lies in the same field between the land of the John Jubbe on the west and the land of John Wodward on the east, another half acre lies in Mykilffurland between the land of William Lord on the west and the land of the said monks on the east, one rood lies in the same culture between the land of the said monks on the west and the land of William Shepherd on the east, another half acre lies in Le Estfeld between the land of William Bargan on either side, and one rood lies in the same culture between the land of John Jubbe on the west and the land of the said monks on the east, half a rood lies in the same field between the land of the said monks on either side, one acre [lies] in the same culture between the land of John Haitfeld on the west and the land of John Wodward on the east, half an acre lies in the same culture between the land of William Lord on the west and the land of William Bargan on the east, one acre lies between the land of the said monks on the north and the land of John Adamson on the south, half an acre lies in the same field between the land of William Bargan on the north and the land of the said monks on the south, one acre lies in the same culture between the land of the prioress of Hampall on the north and the land of William Lord on the south, half an acre lies in the same field between the land of the said monks on either side, half an acre lies in Slephill between the land of the said prioress on the west and the land of Richard Slephill on the east and abuts on Lynges of Skelbrok, half an acre lies in the same field between the land of John Adamson on the west and the land of the prioress on the east and abuts on Le Lynges aforesaid, half an acre lies in the same culture between the land of William Lord on the west and the land of Reginald Pullayne on the east and abuts on the aforesaid Lynges and upon the stone of Robert Hode2 towards [p. 106:] the north, an acre (fo.183) lies in the same field between the land of the said prioress on the west and the common land on the east and abuts upon their (the grantors') land towards the north, half an acre lies in the same field between the land of William Calthorn on the south and the land of the lord of Skelbrok on the north and abuts on their (the grantors') land towards the west, half an acre lies in the same field between the land of William Calthorn on the north and the land of the said lord on the north [sic] and abuts on the King's highway towards the east, half an acre lies between the land of William Calthorn on the north and the land of John Janyn on the south and abuts on the same highway to the east.1 To hold and to have to the said John Pulayne for his life, freely, quietly, etc., from the chief lords of that fee, by the services due and accustomed, rendering thence yearly to the lord of Burghwaleis 5d. and to the prior of Bretton 3s. 7d. And after the death of the said John, remainder to John his son and the heirs of his body; and if he shall die without such heir, remainder to the right heirs of John Polayne for ever. Witnesses, John Wentworth of Elmesall, William Lorde of Wrangbrok, Richard de Wrangbrok, and others. Dated at Wrangbrok, Sunday in the feast of Holy Trinity, 1322.2[1]

Source notes

IRHB's brackets.
Walker,[2] p. 106 n. 1: 'Terra Johannis Pulleyne" written in the margin.
Ibid., p. 106 n. 2: "A well, about six miles north of Doncaster, and a half mile east of Skelbrook, on the old north road. In the reign of Henry VII it was known, as it still is, by the name of Robin Hood's Well."
Ibid., p. 101 n. 1: "The quantities specified do not exactly amount to twelve acres."
Ibid., p. 101 n. 2: '"Millo IIImo vicesimo secundo," but undoubtedly a mistake for 1422.'

IRHB comments

This record is item No. 315 in a cartulary of the Benedictine house of Monkbretton Priory (originally a Cluniac priory). Monkbretton is now a suburb of Barnsley. The cartulary (BL Additional MS 50755) was drawn up no earlier than 1523 and no later than November 1539, when the priory was dissolved, the latest item being dated July 6, 1529[3]. Charter No. 315 carries the date 1322, but as the editor notes this is "undoubtedly a mistake for 1422" (see under 'Source notes' above). Others have concurred, but the basis for this conclusion has never been made entirely clear. It is as follows: Just as item No. 315, charter No. 316, dated 15 August 1420, has John Jubbe of Wrangbrok as grantor and John Pullayne of Wrangbrok as grantee. Both charters mention Peter de la Hay as the current owner of an adjacent piece of land. Witnesses to both charters include John Wentworth of North Elmsal and William Lorde of Wrangbrok; a third witness to both may also well be the same person. So many coincident characteristics leave no reasonable doubt that the two charters are from the same period. Charter No. 319, dated 1518-19, referring to No. 315, grants the 12 acres of arable land to the prior and convent of Monkbretton.[4]

Lists

MS sources

Only the first listed MS source is certainly relevant; the other two ought to be checked.

  • British Library Additional MS 50755. The MS chartulary which mentions the place-name.
  • Bodleian Library, Dodsworth MS, vol.155, fol. 25ff. Copy of large parts of the BL MS made by Roger Dodsworth in August 1630.
  • British Library Lansdowne MS 207 (d), fol. 289ff (old foliation; fol. 283ff according to new foliation). Excerpts of the Bodleian MS.

Catalogues of MS source

Printed sources

Background

Studies and criticism

Also see

Notes

  1. Walker, John William, ed., Abstracts of the Chartularies of the Priory of Monkbretton (Cambridge, 2013), pp. 105-106.
  2. Walker. op. cit.
  3. Davis, G.R.C. 'Two chartularies from the West Riding', British Museum Quarterly, vol. 24, No. 3/4 (December 1961), pp. 67-70 and plates XXI-XXII, see pp. 67-68
  4. Walker. op. cit., p. 107.