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1577 - Holinshed, Raphael - Chronicles (4)

Allusion
Date 1577
Author Holinshed, Raphael et al.
Title Holinshed's Chronicles
Mentions Robin Hood and Little John, about whom many fables and merry gests are sung by the vulgar people, flourished during the Second Barons' War, according to Hector Boethius, but John Major's guess is that they lived during the reign of Richard I, about 1198

By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2018-05-19. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2017-05-19.

Allusion

King Henrie beeing not well able to wythstand his aduersaries attempts, requested King Alexander to sende him some ayde of Scottes to subdue the rebels of his realme, that had arreared warres agaynst him.

Herevpon shortly after, was Alexander Cumyn with fiue thousand chosen mē sent by king Alexander into Englande, who right valiantly bare themselues in that warre whiche king Henrie held against his Barons, wherof in the English Chronicle ye may read more at large.

In these dayes (as the translator of Hector Boetius hath wrytten) that notable and moste famous outlawe Robyn Hoode lyued, with his fellow little John, of whom are many fables and mery ieastes deuised and sung amongst the vulgar people.

But Iohn Maior wryteth, that they liued as he doth gesse, in the dayes of King Richarde, the first of that name, which raigned in England about the yeare of our Lord .1198. [1]

Source notes

I have silently replaced long 's' by ordinary 's', 'J' by 'I' as required. I have likewise silently omitted hyphens that occur at line endings. IRHB's italics represent text in Roman type in the original, its body text being in Black Letter. Marginal note against line beginning "King Henrie beeing not well": "King Henrie requireth ayd of Scottes"; against line beginning "[Cu-]myn with fuie thousand chosen": ""Alexander Cumyn sent into England"; against line beginning "Boetius hath written": "Robyn Hood and little Iohn his cōpanion".
The passage recurs, in the 1587 edition, as follows:

About this season, there were great warres in England betwixt king Henrie and his barons, of whome the chiefe was Simon Mountfort earle of Leicester, and diuerse other. K. Henrie being not well able to withstand his aduersaries attempts, requested K. Alexander to send him some aid of Scots to subdue the rebels of his realme, that had arreared warres against him. Herevpon shortlie after, was Alexander Cumin, with fiue thousand chosen men, sent by king Alexander into England, who right valiantlie bare themselues in that war which [p. 202:] king Henrie held against his barons, whereof in the English chronicle ye may read more at large. In these daies (as the translator of Hector Boetius hath written) that notable and most famous outlaw Robin Robin Hood liued, with his fellow little Iohn, of whome are manie fables and merie iests deuised and soong amongst the vulgar people. But Iohn Maior writeth that they liued (as he dooth gesse) in the daies of king Richard the first king of England, 1198.[2]

Readers wishing to look up passages cited on IRHB in the original editions should be careful to note the book and chapter names etc. cited in IRHB's source references. The collations of the 1577 and 1587 editions of Holinshed are quite confusing, some sequences being paginated, some having leaf numbers, some neither. Note also that although the 1577 edition is in four volumes and that of 1587 in six, they were often bound (issued?) in two, respectively three, volumes. This is often reflected in PDFs of early editions.

Lists

Editions

Background

Also see

Notes

  1. Holinshed, Raphael: [Wolfe, Reyner]; [Harrison, William]; [Stanyhurst, Richard]. The Firste volume of the Chronicles of England, Scotlande, and Irelande. Conteyning, the description and Chronicles of England, from the first inhabiting vnto the conquest. The description and Chronicles of Scotland, from the first originall of the Scottes nation, till the yeare of our Lorde. 1571. The description and Chronicles of Yrelande, likewise from the firste originall of that nation, vntill the yeare. 1547 (London, [1577]), vol. II, The historie of Scotlande, p. 294.
  2. The Holinshed Project: The Texts. I have silently omitted hyphens at line endings and substituted ordinary 's' for long 's', 'I' for 'J' where required, as in the text of the 1577 edition. IRHB's italics represent text in Roman type in the printed text, the body text being in Black Letter. Marginal note against the line "England betwixt king Henrie": "Warre in England"; against "k. Henrie being not": "king Henrie required aid the Scots" [sic]; against "was Alexander Cumin": "Alexander Cumin sent into England"; against "written) that notable": "Robin Hood and little John his companion".