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Criminals named Robin Hood (record texts)

By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2015-08-28. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2017-05-08.

The items listed below concern (alleged) criminals named Robin Hood (Robert Hood, Robert Ode, Hobbehod etc.) whose main period of activity lay no later than 1500. In due course, it is hoped, the list will include all known records.

Records relating to criminals named Robin Hood

The following 6 records concern criminal Robin Hoods:

1242 - Robert Hode kills man at North Petherton

[1242:]
Walter Bragge, Robert Hode, William the little miller (le petit muner), and Margery his wife beat Jordan Heywulf' so that he died. William and Margery fled to the church of Perton' and abjured the realm. William was in the tithing of the Hospital of Perton'. Therefore it is in mercy. His chattels, 3s., for which the sheriff must answer. Walter and Robert have fled. Therefore let them be exacted and outlawed. They were in the same tithing. Therefore it is in mercy. They had no chattels.[1]

1254 - Robert Hod at Fawdington

[1254:]
Faldington Grange.a
Inquisition made concerning the foss thrown down and hedge rooted up (de fossato prostrato et sepe eradicata), and a certain parcel (quadam parte) of hay [carried away] and bars of the gate at the Grange of Faldinton in the moor called Pilemor, by William de Galmethorpe, Thomas Maunsel of Heton, . . . y, Walter de Thormodeby, Alan son of William of the same, Robert de Haumelake, Gilbert de Yserbeke, William de Percy of Bulmer (Bulem'), William de . . . dale, Robert de Brudeford, William son of Bartholomew of Thorny, and Osebert de Raskelfe, who say upon their oath that Richard de [Riparia], Henry his brother, Arundel servant of Richard, Simon Bercar', Serlo his brother, Walter son of Meg (fil' Megge), Robert Hod, Richard at town-end (ad exitum ville), W . . son of Richard Reeve (Ric'i prepositi), William Ossemund, Arundel the little (le Petit), Adam Smith, Thomas Fisher (le Peschur), Walter his son, Richard [his] brother, . . . .  . . . starde, Thomas Blerimund, Nicholas Edolf, John Servant (or Serjeant, serviens), of Neuburg', Robert Kirkland (de terra ecclesie) Robert de Honington, . . Henry P  . . . . of Theobald, Reginald de Brafferton, Adam son of Peter, Adam de Burton, Richard son of Peter, . .  . Richard . . . William son of William Long, Richardson of Al . . . . aunceys, Stephen de Husthwait . . ., William le Fevre, Thomas Trutes, Thomas at town-end (ad exitum ville), Peter son of Alice, A .   chur, John Trute, William son of Maud (Matill'), . . Geoffrey the Carpenter, Thomas the Carter, Ri . . . tute the younger, Thomas son of Richard de Rypar[ia], Henry Wal . . . . . . Robert le Messor, Simon de Esingwald, Reeve, Peter the Carter, Ralph Garcifer of Richard de Ripar[ia] John del . ., William son of Richard, . . . . elington, Thomas the Brewer (Braciator), Richard son of Thomas Belle, Stephen the Carter, John de Wald, Geoffrey . . Robert del Hil, E . . .  the Carpenter, Richard son of Serlo, Ranulph, Robert the Cowherd (vaccar') Robert Mercator, Walter the Tailor, Thomas the Potter, William de Canc . ., William son of Ralph of Brandesby, John Burell, William son of Herbert, Robert Neubonde, Gernan Reeve, Richard son of Juliana, Henry son of Hugh Reeve (prepositi), Geoffrey the Carpenter, Walter son of Thurstan, Adam de Crambun, Thomas Marshal, William Nyni, William Gardiner, John son of William Reeve (prepositi), William son of Sigrim, Hugh de Lillinge, Richard son of Herbert, and Geoffrey Milner, came with force and arms against the peace of the King, [p. 40:] while the Abbey of Byland was void, to the Grange of Faldington, and threw down a certain foss raised in Pilemor and rooted up a certain hedge. They say that as to bars carried away and hay carried away they know nothing and can make no inquiry.a[2]

1256 - Northumberland fugitive Robert Hode

[1256:]
Ricardus filius Willelmi de Thyrun' occidit Rogerum Pessun quadam sagitta quam traxit ad ipsum. Et Johannes statim fugit et malecreditur, ideo exigatur et utlagetur. Nulla habuit catalla. Et hutesium fuit levatum, et villata de Thyrun' non cepit ipsum, ideo in mis'. Et Robertus Hode et Petrus Tripet, attachiati eo quod prsesentes fuerunt cum praedicto Johanne, subtraxerunt se et non malecreduntur, ideo redeant si velint, set catalla eorum confiscantur pro fuga. Nulla habuerunt catalla.

[IRHB translation:]
Richard son of William of Thyrun' killed Roger Pessun with an arrow which he drew at him. And John immediately fled and is under suspicion, he is therefore put in exigend and outlawed. He had no chattels. The hue was cried, and the village of Thyrun' did not catch him, therefore they are in mercy. And Robert Hode and Peter Tripet who were attached because they were present with the said John withdrew and are not under suspicion, therefore they may return if they wish, but their chattels are confiscated beecause of [their] flight. They have no chattels.[3]

1279 - Robert Hode juror for Wark in Northumberland

[1279:]
VILLATA DE WERK. Rogerus le Pestur, ballivus, juratus.
Robertus Hode, jur'.

[IRHB translation:]
Vill of Wark. Roger Pestur, bailiff, sworn.
Robert Hode, jur[or].[4]

1340 - Robert Hode of Norfolk accused of trespass

[1340:]
  To the sheriff of Norfolk. Order to release Roger atte Touneshende,
Walter de Upgate, Henry son of Walter de Upgate, John Mous, Thomas
Huberd, John son of Thomas Huberd, John Nel, William Ferour, John
Ballard, Robert Weet, Thomas Ballard, Adam Godefrey, William le Neve,
Adam atte Chirche, John Derby, Thomas Stace, Henry Stace, John Pole,
Walter Jehon, John atte Touneshende, John Coldham, Peter Arnald,
John Rous, Adam Smyth, John Howard, Hugh A . . . Robert Hod,
John Kebel, Milo Tubbyng, Thomas Arnald and Henry atte Bek, men and
tenants of Laurence de Hastynges, earl of Pembroke, from prison if he find
mainpernors who will undertake to have them before the king on an
appointed day to answer for their trespass, and further to do and receive
what the king's court shall determine, as they have shown the king that
whereas Roger Cachenache and Richard le Gras implead them before the
king of a trespass committed on Roger and Richard by them, as is said, and
process being held thereupon because the sheriff returned before the king
that Roger and the others were not found and had nothing in the bailiwick
by which they could be distrained, the king ordered the sheriff by writ
de judicio returnable before the king a month from Easter next, to take
them, to answer Roger and Richard for the trespass ; and now they have
besought the king to order the taking of them to be superseded by a main-
prise, as they make continual stay in the county and have lands there where
they may be distrained, and they are ready to stand to right in the premises
on the said day in accordance with the law and custom of the realm.
                                  By p.s.[5]

1381 - Robert Hood of Coventry (2)

[1381:]
Item presentant quod Robertus Hood et lohannes Leycestre gurdeler die Iouis proximo ante festum sancti Nicholai anno regni Regis Ricardi secundi post conquestum quinto apud Couentre noctanter insultum et vnum homsokon fecerunt in Iohannem Burtenham taillour et ipsum verberauerunt et male tractauerunt contra pacem domini Regis.

[IRHB translation:]
Also they represent that on the night of the last Thursday before the feast of St Nicholas in the fifth year of the reign of king Richard, the second after the Conquest, Robert Hood and John Leicester, girdler, at Coventry assaulted and made hamsoken on John Burtenham, taylor, and beat and mistreated him contrary to the king's peace.[6]

Also see

Notes

  1. Healey, Charles E.H. Chadwyck, ed. Somersetshire Pleas (Civil and Criminal), from the Rolls of the Itinerant Justices (Close of the 12th Century–41 Henry III.) (Somerset Record Society, vol. XI) (London, 1897), p. 298.
  2. Brown, William, ed. Yorkshire Inquisitions of the Reigns of Henry III. and Edward I., vol. I (The Yorkshire Archæological and Topographical Association. Record Series, vol. XII) (1892), pp. 39-40.
  3. Page, William, ed. Three Early Assize Rolls for the County of Northumberland, Sæc. XIII. (The Publications of the Surtees Society, vol. LXXXVIII) (Durham, 1891), p. 120.
  4. Page, William, ed. Three Early Assize Rolls for the County of Northumberland, Sæc. XIII. (The Publications of the Surtees Society, vol. LXXXVIII) (Durham, 1891), p. 395.
  5. [Hinds, Allen B., ed.; Maxwell-Lyte, Henry Churchill, introd.] Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public record Office: Edward III. A.D. 1339-1341 (London, 1901), p. 460.
  6. Kimball, Elisabeth Guernsey, ed.; Plucknett, Theodore F.T., indexer. Rolls of the Warwickshire and Coventry Sessions of the Peace 1377-1397 (Publications of the Dugdale Society, vol. XVI) (London, 1939), p. 60.